New paper at Journal of 9/11 Studies: “The Top Ten Connections Between NIST and Nano-Thermites”

From Steven Jones;

Kevin Ryan shows his skills as both a chemist and a “private investigator” in his paper, “The Top Ten Connections Between NIST and Nano-Thermites” – Published July 4, 2008, in the Journal of 9/11 Studies.

Kevin Ryan discusses nano-thermite (“super-thermite”) and provides very important results of his own investigation of connections between NIST and researchers studying/developing nano-thermite.

Several of us have been discussing nano-thermite for quite a while now. For instance, I announced in Boston last year the observation of red-gray chips which I found in WTC dust samples. (If you need to catch up, pls see this short video: ) Research papers on this material are now being written/reviewed for publication.

Thermite is comprised of aluminum powder and iron oxide powder (or another metal oxide). When the powders are “ultra-fine grain”, less than about 100 nano-meters, then nano-thermite is formed. This form of thermite, also known as “super-thermite,” is not just an incendiary – it is EXPLOSIVE!

I explained this distinction and even gave references to the explosive nature of super-thermite/nano-thermite in my first-published paper on 9/11, available here:

Here’s a quote from that paper, pp. 16-17 (hope you all have read it, or will do so!):

"Researchers can greatly increase the power of weapons by adding materials known as superthermites that combine nanometals such as nanoaluminum with metal oxides such as iron oxide, according to Steven Son, a project leader in the Explosives Science and Technology group at Los Alamos. "The advantage (of using nanometals) is in how fast you can get their energy out," Son says. Son says that the chemical reactions of superthermites are faster and therefore release greater amounts of energy more rapidly... Son, who has been working on nanoenergetics for more than three years, says that scientists can engineer nanoaluminum powders with different particle sizes to vary the energy release rates. This enables the material to be used in many applications, including underwater explosive devices… However, researchers aren't permitted to discuss what practical military applications may come from this research." (Gartner, January 2005)

Yet we still find debunkers stating loudly and incorrectly that “thermite is an incendiary” only (very hot, but slow-reacting), completely ignoring the facts about nano-thermite. A NIST FAQ says something like this – perhaps someone can dig up the reference. Time to set the record straight, in a big way.

And Kevin Ryan’s paper goes a LONG way to set the record straight about nano-thermite along with a solid framework for further investigation. ANY serious investigation must now include these data he provides on explosive nano-thermites and those who have researched these materials--having connections with the “official story” of 9/11.

There is much information also in his extensive footnotes, which I invite you to follow… I’m working on reading many of these myself!

I’m particularly pleased that Kevin’s paper is available before the BBC presentation (on July 6th) regarding WTC 7 and recent research.

When I was interviewed by BBC in March 2008 for this documentary, I spent hours with, and showed, the BBC crew red-gray chips in the laboratory. Will they even mention these compelling evidences for un-reacted nano-thermites found in the WTC dust? We’ll see…

I have one request of the 9/11 truth-leads-to-peace community as you read this: I’m trying to get a sample of nano-thermite/super-thermite for tests and comparisons. A LLNL (Los Alamos) report noted that “super-thermite electric matches” are used to ignite some fireworks, via an electric current through the super-thermite. Such super-thermite matches may be the easiest –to-get source for super-thermite…

*Quoting from the Los Alamos report (from a 2006 talk I gave):

“The Super-Thermite electric matches… are safer to use because they resist friction, impact, heat… thereby minimizing accidental ignition.
• “Applications include
triggering explosives for demolition”

(Photo of super-thermite matches from the Los Alamos report.) I know several of you out there are super-sleuths (like my friend Kevin Ryan!) and will be able to track down and – if possible – purchase a few of these super-thermite electric matches. I would deeply appreciate it… Can you see the importance?

matches.gif72.79 KB

Kevin Ryan - Media

AJFan, Thank you for these audio records.

I often notice your postings of these excellent audio records. I appreciate them very much. Thanks!!
The interview on the 25th with Kevin Ryan and Richard Gage is excellent. Kevin lays out the "French connection" type scenario to the super-thermite. Personally, I feel that these tie-ins are gonna make some people involved start to sweat.

I join in with TomT

To thank you for your many and timely Media postings.


Incredible piece of investigative journalism

You've illuminated some very interesting connections here, Kevin.

Reason Number 11?

The "terrorists" (whoever they are) tried to demolish the WTC towers in 1993.

So why did the government fail to investigate the possibility of deliberate demolition early on and continue to rule it out to this day?

Reason Number 12

FBI forensic demolition expert Frederick Whitehurst was driven out of office as he stands up against the political interpretation of that data.



Thanks for the story, you

Thanks for the story, you have a metal in my book!

Excellent paper

Thanks for this Kevin. A great read. I will post it around.

Thank you.

You guys deserve the Medal of Freedom for the work you've done.

Sulfidated Steel

I wonder if the BBC documentary reference to the eroded steel will be "explained away" by some eutectic reaction generated by sulfur-rich pulverized building materials mixing with the steady supplies of water applied by the fire department over isolated WTC "hot pockets" containing WTC steel.

It will be interesting to see where the documentary goes with that aspect of the investigation.

The timing of the BBC doc with the pending release of the NIST report is hard to ignore.

The reference to the sulfidated steel is the first time the major media seems to have addressed unusual WTC physical evidence. It wouldn't be surprising if the molten metal, iron spheres and red chips are ignored. This material would elevate the topic from conspiracy theory to virtual conspiracy fact.

The timing is hard to ignore


Wouldn't a real news outlet do a report AFTER the NIST study is published?

The BBC's rush to lay the groundwork for the NIST report reminds me of.... well... Jane Standley's rush to report WTC7 had already collapsed.

Thermobaric weapons ..

"A thermobaric explosive consists of a container of a finely powdered solid fuel of differing particle size mixed with a low percentage of oxidizer and binder. The solid fuel could be an explosive metal powder or reactive organic. A high explosive charge is placed in the middle of the mixture."

"Listen carefully now : DO NOT DESTROY OIL-WELLS" Dubya

Kevin Ryan & Richard Gage interview.

AJFan brought up this fabulous interview with both Kevin and Richard.

Richard Gage brings up the super-thermite in his presentations. Support by building a JUGGERNAUT of one thousand architects and engineers.

Here is two minutes of that interview.


To: Kevin Ryan

RE:The Top Ten Connections Between NIST and Nano-Thermites
Kevin R. Ryan, 7-02-08

Thank you Kevin for publishing this material. You have essentially pieced together a classified project theory using the existing nonclassified reports which have been released over the past decade. This is an outstanding report and an excellent piece of research.

Only an FOIA submitted many years from now will yield more data on the experimentation and field operation of the technologies developed at Lawrence Livermore and Sandia labs. If possible, further experimentation in the lab should take place to test your hypothesis.
Thanks again,

Ferric Oxide
author of
Statement Regarding Thermite: Part I
Journal of 911 Studies, January 2007

Dr. Steven Son

Kevin, you may want to contact the following gentleman. We had discussed him back in 2006.

Steven F. Son

Associate Professor,
School of Mechanical Engineering
B.S., M.S.: Mechanical Engineering, Brigham Young University, 1989

Ph.D. Mechanical Engineering, University of Illinois, Champaign-Urbana, 1993

Phone: (765)494-8208

E-Mail: or

Research Areas:

Experimental and theoretical studies of combustion of energetic materials (propellants, explosives, and pyrotechnics), microscale combustion, nanoscale energetic composites, combustion synthesis, and coal combustion


2006 – Pres.: Associate Professor, Mechanical Engineering, Purdue University

2005 – 2006: Visiting Professor, Mechanical and Nuclear Engineering, Penn State

2001 – 2006: Project Leader, High Explosives Science and Technology, Los Alamos

1996 – 2001: Technical Staff Member, High Explosives Science and Technology, Los Alamos

1993 – 1996: J. R. Oppenheimer Fellow, High Explosives Science and Technology, Los Alamos

Patents and Registration: Six patents filed

Publications (10 representative papers):

Refereed Journal Publications

• V. I. Levitas, B. W. Asay, S. F. Son, and M. Pantoya, “A Mechanism for Fast Reaction of Nanothermites Based on Dispersion of Liquid Metal,” Accepted in Applied Physics Letters, 2006.

• J. Y. Malchi, R. A. Yetter, S. F. Son, and G. A. Risha, “Nano-Aluminum Flame Spread with Fingering Combustion Instabilities,” Accepted in the 31st International Symposium on Combustion , 2006.

• G. A. Risha, S. F. Son, B. C. Tappan, R. A. Yetter, and V. Yang, “Combustion of Nano-Aluminum and Liquid Water,” Accepted in the 31st International Symposium on Combustion , 2006.

• S. F. Son, B. W. Asay, E. M. Whitney, and H. L. Berghout, ”Flame Spread Across Surfaces of PBX 9501,” Accepted in the 31st International Symposium on Combustion , 2006.

• M. H. Wu, M. P. Burke, S. F. Son, R. A. Yetter, “Flame Acceleration and the Transition to Detonation of Stoichiometric Ethylene/Oxygen in Microscale Tubes,” Accepted in the 31st International Symposium on Combustion , 2006.

• B. C. Tappan, M. H. Huynh, M. A. Hiskey, D. E. Chavez, and S. F. Son, “Combustion Synthesis of Ultra-Low Density Nano-Structured Metal Foams,” Accepted for publication in the Journal of the American Chemical Society, 2006.

• A. N. Ali, S. F. Son, B. W. Asay, and R. K. Sander, “Importance of the gas phase role to the prediction of energetic material behavior: An experimental study,” Journal of Applied Physics, 97(6), pp. 1-7 (2005).

• D. S. Moore, S. F. Son, and B. W. Asay, “The Time Resolved Spectral Emission from Deflagrating Metastable Interstitial Composites Composed of Nano-Aluminum and Nano-MoO3 Powders”, Propellants, Explosives, and Pyrotechnics, 29(2), pp. 106-111 (2004).

• A. N. Ali, S. F. Son, M. A. Hiskey, D. L. Naud, “Novel High Nitrogen Propellant use in Solid Fuel Micropropulsion,” Journal of Propulsion and Power, 20(1), pp. 120-126 (2004).

• M. L. Pantoya, S. F. Son, W. C. Danen, B. S. Jorgensen, B. W. Asay, and J. R. Busse, “Characterization of Metastable Intermolecular Composites (MICs),” (Book Chapter) Chapter 16 in Defense Applications of Nanomaterials, A. W. Miziolek, et al. Eds., an ACS Symposium Series Book, Vol. 3 (2004).

Scientific and Professional Society Memberships:

Combustion Institute, American Society of Mechanical Engineers, American Physical Society, and the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics

Honors and Awards:

• R&D 100 Award Winner, “A Metal-Nanofoam Fabrication Technique: nanoFOAM” (2005)

• Appointed to Empire Who’s Who Among Executives and Professionals, 2005/2006.

• LAAP Achievement Award (Program Development), LANL (2004)

• R&D 100 Award Winner, “Super-Thermite Electric Matches” (2003)

• Appreciation Award (Firing Site Technician Apprentice Program), LANL (2003)

• LAAP Achievement Award (Student Mentoring), LANL (2003)

• LAAP Achievement Award (Technical Contributions), LANL (2002)

• R&D 100 Entry, “Dynamic Crystalline Phase Detection (DCPD)” (2000)

• LAAP Achievement Award (Technical Contributions), LANL (2000)

• LAAP Achievement Award (Program Development), LANL (2003)

• J. Robert Oppenheimer (JRO) Research Fellow, Los Alamos National Laboratory, which is the most distinguished award given to young researchers at Los Alamos and is awarded yearly to a maximum of two recipients (1993-1996)

• Named to An Incomplete List of Teachers Ranked as Excellent by Their Students for the Spring Semester of 1993 in the Daily Illini

Institutional and Professional Service (Past 5 years):

• Elected to organize the Gordon Research Conferences on Energetic Materials (2008 and 2010)

• Directed the High Explosives Working Group (HEWG), which is a laboratory-wide seminar series

• Served on several hiring committees, LDRD proposal review committee, and the Laboratory Director's Weapon Certification Committee

Professional Development Activities (Past 5 years):

• Serving as an Associate Editor of the AIAA Journal of Propulsion and Power (2005-present)

• Member of the Association of Latino Professionals (APL)

• Organizing and editing a special section in the AIAA Journal of Propulsion and Power

on nanoscale energetic materials (2005-2006)

• Invited participant or moderator at Gordon Research Conferences on Energetic Materials (1998, 2000, 2002, 2004, and 2006)

• Reviewer for several publications; including AIAA Journal of Propulsion and Power, Thermochimica Acta, Combustion and Flame, International Combustion Symposium/Combustion Institute, International Detonation Symposium, Combustion Science and Technology, and Combustion Theory and Modeling

Student Mentoring (Past 5 Years):

• Mentored 8 undergraduate , 8 graduate, and 4 postdoctoral students at Los Alamos


5315 Peachtree Industrial Blvd.
Atlanta, GA 30341
(678) 287-2445

PI: Dr. Jud Ready
(678) 287-3969
School of Mat. Sci & Eng
Atlanta, GA 30332-0245
(404) 894-2651

ID#: F023-0151
Agency: AF
Topic#: 02-016 Awarded: 11SEP02
Title: Aluminum Nanopowder Production for Nano-Satellite Propulsion
Abstract: MicroCoating Technologies, Inc. (MCT), proposes the novel approach of using the Combustion Chemical Vapor Deposition (CCVD) process to create aluminum-based nanopowders for use as a solid fuel for nano-satellite propulsion. The aluminum-based nanopowders will be created through a combination of the CCVD process with an incorporation of a fluidized bed to enable the creation of nano-composite powders with specific functional layers. Through the use of multiple layers, MCT will be able to combine fuel, oxidizer and anti-agglomeration agents within a single multi-layered structure to improve the solid fuel performance. An additional aspect of this research will involve modeling and measurement of the combustion flame used during the CCVD process. This modeling will enable MCT to better design micronozzles based on the NanomiserT device (described in greater detail later). Furthermore, the models will allow MCT to more fully understand the complex micro-combustion dynamics, heat-addition, and sublimation characteristics inherent within the NanomiserT device. This research will identify any scaling issues with the nanopowder production or use and will verify this propellants compatibility with silicon oxides. During Phase II of this research, MCT will develop and test prototype nano-thrusters based on the solid-fuels developed during Phase I. The feasibility of the proposed nano-thrusters will be compared with the micro-combustion models developed during Phase I. MCT will work with Prof. Naresh Thadhani of the Georgia Institute of Technology in the development, testing and characterization of the aluminum-based nanopowders developed under this research program. Maintaining possession of the "high ground" has always been a primary military doctrine over the millennia. Since the onset of the space-race, the quintessential high ground has now become outer space. By placing surveillance or other military assets in orbit around the earth, the United States and it's allies can maintain battlefield superiority against adversaries. Due to high density electronics and other miniaturization technologies (i.e., MEMS), orbiting satellites have been steadily decreasing in size and weight. Unfortunately, propulsion sub-components required to place the asset in orbit and maintain it's stability throughout its design life contribute to a significant fraction of the overall spacecraft mass and pose crucial design constraints. A primary cost factor in space operations is the substantial cost per kilogram required to loft a spacecraft into orbit. For this reason, nano-satellites (defined as weighing less than 1kg) have become of major interest within the Department of Defense (DoD). To minimize mass associated with the propulsion component a solid-fuel is a logical choice. Solid fuels eliminate the need for large pumps and feed systems or external power supplies that would be necessary for liquid-fuel or electrical propulsion systems respectively.

ALD Nanosolutions

11711 Chase Ct
Westminster, CO 80020
(617) 480-6947

PI: Dr. Karen Buechler
(303) 460-9865
Contract #: F49620-02-C-0058 UNIV. OF COLORADO
The Regents of the University, of Colorado, 572 UCB
Boulder, CO 80309-0572
(303) 492-2695

ID#: F023-0098
Agency: AF
Topic#: 02-007 Awarded: 29JUL02
Title: Atomic Layer Deposition of Oxidizer Coatings on Aluminum Nanoparticles to Fabricate Superthermite Explosives
Abstract: Energetic thermite composites are composed of a metal fuel (e.g. Al) and an oxidizer (e.g. Fe2O3). Thermite composites have a much higher reaction enthalpy per cm3 than conventional explosives such as TNT. However, current thermite composites do not yield a higher reactive power because of the large diffusion distance between the metal fuel and oxidizer in thermite powders. To minimize the diffusion distance, the oxidizer can be deposited directly on aluminum nanoparticles. This oxidizer-coated "all-in-one" superthermite explosive particle represents the ultimate in reactive power from a nanoscale energetic material. ALD NanoSolutions, Inc. proposes to deposit oxidizers on aluminum nanoparticles using atomic layer deposition (ALD) methods. The ALD surface chemistry and thin film growth will be investigated using Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) vibrational spectroscopy. The reaction conditions determined from the FTIR studies will then be utilized to coat large quantities of aluminum nanoparticles in a fluidized particle bed ALD reactor. The aluminum nanoparticles will be obtained from Technanogy in Irvine, California. The oxidizer-coated superthermite particles will be tested at Los Alamos National Laboratory. The results of this Phase I work should demonstrate the development of superthermite particles as a superior explosive material. ALD NanoSolutions, Inc. owns options for exclusively utilizing and licensing the intellectual property developed over the last five years by co-founders Profs. George and Weimer at the University of Colorado. The company was founded to develop commercial markets for this ALD technology. One of the largest potential markets under consideration is the coating of fine powders with ultrathin and conformal films. Depositing oxidizers directly on aluminum nanoparticles to fabricate superthermite explosive particles is an excellent ALD application. These "all-in-one" superthermite particles are anticipated to display much higher reactive powers than conventional explosives. Tests of nanoscale powders of Al and MoO3 with particle sizes from 200-500  have been shown to react more than 1000 times faster than conventional powdered thermites. Even higher reaction rates are expected for the "all-in-one" superthermite particles with the oxidizer deposited directly on the aluminum nanoparticle. Consequently, these superthermite particles may replace conventional organic explosives such as TNT in a variety of applications. These superthermite explosive particles may find use in the military as improved munitions and in the civilian sector as better blasting agents.