Study: Threat of Muslim-American terrorism in U.S. exaggerated

Study: Threat of Muslim-American terrorism in U.S. exaggerated

(CNN) -- The terrorist threat posed by radicalized Muslim- Americans has been exaggerated, according to a study released Wednesday by researchers at Duke University and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

A small number of Muslim-Americans have undergone radicalization since the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks on New York and Washington, the study found. It compiled a list of 139 individuals it categorized as "Muslim-American terrorism offenders" who had become radicalized in the U.S. in that time -- a rate of 17 per year.

That level is "small compared to other violent crime in America, but not insignificant," according to the study, titled "Anti-Terror Lessons of Muslim-Americans."

To be included on the list, an offender had to have been wanted, arrested, convicted or killed in connection with terrorism-related activities since 9/11 -- and have lived in the United States, regardless of immigration status, for more than a year prior to arrest.

Of the 139 offenders, fewer than a third successfully executed a violent plan, according to a Duke University statement on the study, and most of those were overseas. Read the report:"Anti-Terror Lessons of Muslim-Americans"

"Muslim-American organizations and the vast majority of individuals that we interviewed firmly reject the radical extremist ideology that justifies the use of violence to achieve political ends," David Schanzer, an associate professor in Duke's Sanford School of Public Policy and director of the Triangle Center on Terrorism and Homeland Security, said in the statement.

In the aftermath of 9/11, however, as well as terrorist attacks elsewhere in the world, the possible radicalization of Muslim-Americans is a "key counterterrorism concern" -- magnified by heavy publicity that accompanies the arrests of Muslim-Americans, such as that seen in the wake of the November shootings at Fort Hood, Texas, in which 13 people were killed. Army psychiatrist Maj. Nidal Hasan, a Muslim born in Virginia, is charged in connection with that incident.

Other high-profile incidents include the charging of eight Somali-American men on charges related to what authorities say are efforts to recruit youths from the Minneapolis, Minnesota, area to fight for al-Shabaab, a Somali guerrilla movement battling the African country's U.N.-backed transitional government. At least two young men from Minnesota have been killed in Somalia, including one who blew himself up in what is believed to have been the first suicide bombing carried out by a naturalized U.S. citizen.

In addition, five Americans were arrested last month in Pakistan, and police have said they are confident that they were planning terrorist attacks. A Pakistani court Monday gave police two weeks to prepare their case against the five; authorities have said they plan to prosecute the youths under the country's anti-terrorism act.

But it is the Muslim-American communities themselves who play a large role in keeping the number of radicalized members low through their own practices, according to the study. Leaders and Muslim-American organizations denounce violent acts, for instance, in messages that have weight within communities.

In addition, such communities often self-police -- confronting those who express radical ideology or support for terrorism and communicating concerns about radical individuals to authorities. Some Muslim-Americans have adopted programs for youth to help identify those who react inappropriately to controversial issues so they can undergo counseling and education, the researchers said.

"Muslim-American communities have been active in preventing radicalization," said Charles Kurzman, professor of sociology at UNC, in the statement. "This is one reason that Muslim-American terrorism has resulted in fewer than three dozen of the 136,000 murders committed in the United States since 9/11."

However, "since 9/11, there has been increased tension among Muslim-Americans about their acceptance in mainstream American society," the study said. Muslim-Americans report feeling a stronger anti-Muslim bias from the media as well as from day-to-day interactions.

"While Muslim-Americans understand and support the need for enhanced security and counterterrorism initiatives, they believe that some of these efforts are discriminatory, and they are angered that innocent Muslim-Americans bear the brunt of the impact of these policies."

Steps can be taken to minimize radicalization among Muslim-Americans, the study said. The most important is encouraging political mobilization among Muslims, which helps prevent radicalization and also demonstrates to Muslims abroad "that grievances can be resolved through peaceful democratic means." Policymakers should include Muslim-Americans in their outreach efforts, and public officials should attend events at mosques, as they do churches and synagogues, the study recommended.

Also, Muslim-American communities should widely disseminate their condemnation of terrorism and violence, and those statements should be publicized, the study said. Law enforcement has a role to play as well, by making efforts to increase the level of trust and communication with such communities. This could include the cultivation of Muslim-American informants, the study suggested, a policy that could be developed and openly discussed with community leaders.

Governments can promote and encourage the building of strong Muslim-American communities and promote outreach by social services agencies, the study said. "Our research suggests that Muslim-American communities desire collaboration and outreach with the government beyond law enforcement, in areas such as public health, education and transportation."

And the Muslim-American community can promote enhanced education about its religion and beliefs, the study said. Increased civil rights enforcement can also be an important tool.

However, policies that alienate Muslims may increase the threat of homegrown terrorism rather than reducing it, the study said.

"Our research suggests that initiatives that treat Muslim-Americans as part of the solution to this problem are far more likely to be successful," said Schanzer.

Schanzer, Kurzman and Ebrahim Moosa, associate professor of religion at Duke, co-authored the study, which summarized two years of research involving interviews of more than 120 Muslims in four different communities nationwide -- Seattle, Washington; Houston, Texas; Buffalo, New York; and Raleigh-Durham, North Carolina. The study was funded by a grant from the Department of Justice.

Get... out...

Do these people deserve to know how and why their loved ones were murdered? The facts speak for themselves.

The one that got away?

Good heavens. On CNN? How did that piece of science slip through the *security wall* thats been erected around reality, truth and common sense by the Bush and Obama Administrations and the unquestioning, cowardly lapdog corporate media since 9/11?

Since 9/11, this Justice Dept. commissioned study found a miniscule number of radicalized Islamic people in the US, only some 139... and some of the parameters determining if they have been "radicalized" involve crimes (such as murder) which, if committed by non-Muslims, would be regarded as an ordinary "crime" and not an "act of terrorism". Quite probably, even those who carried out the study have been influenced by the effects of the blanket campaign since 9/11 to frame all Muslims as "terrorists or potential terrorists".

To quote from the article: "Of the 139 offenders, fewer than a third successfully executed a violent plan, according to a Duke University statement on the study, and most of those were overseas". They are really scraping the barrel here, trying to bolster the figures maybe?... they include "overseas" violent incidents in a study entitled "Threat of Muslim-American terrorism in U.S. exaggerated". In the U.S, ...*and abroad*, by the looks.

Despite the all important issue of motivation when addressing and investigating a crime, the only "motivation" that the powers-that-be here in the US have put forward for 9/11, is that "they hate us". More than likely, it's case of "we hate them", the "we" in this instance being the hardline neo-conservative anti-Muslim (ultra hard-line pro-Israel) lobby in Washington DC, who have had a disproportionate influence in formulating US foreign (and some domestic) policy for several decades, especially since the Bush Jr. administration. The original Bush Jr. Cabinet in 2001 was loaded to the rafters with people of that political persuasion, a number of whom have publicly expressed outright hatred for Arabs and Muslims. The "because they hate us" "logic" (?!!) of explaining 9/11, and subsequent false-flags and set-ups framing Islam in the media and administration (7/7, Richard Reid, Madrid, Bali etc etc etc) looks like a classic case of "inversion of guilt".

Various surveys estimate the muslim US population at anything between a minimum of 2.5 million (Pew), almost 5 million (Encyclopædia Britannica) and almost 7 million (CAIR). The study also found that out of the 136,000 murders in the US since 9/11, fewer than three dozen of these have been as a result of "Muslim American terrorism". Lets compare that to the number of Muslim civilians in Iraq, Afghanistan and Pakistan, slaughtered by a $Trillion worth of warfare based upon lies and "officially sanctioned hatred in DC"..... and there is absolutely ZERO comparison.

Doubtful it got away..

The hawks will want to focus on the 139 number and (as they do with everything) turn it around comparing it to the damage 19 allegedly did. I'm sure there's a reason. If it was really detrimental, it would only have made it to the campus newspaper.

peace all

"It is part of the general pattern of misguided policy that our country is now geared to an arms economy which was bred in an artificially induced psychosis of war hysteria and nurtured upon an incessant propaganda of fear."
- Douglas MacArthur

The Facts On What Motivates Terrorism

The Facts On What Motivates Terrorism

The info is in the middle of this video.