NY court considers if NYC street gang member is ‘homegrown terrorist’ under post-Sept. 11 law


NY court considers if NYC street gang member is ‘homegrown terrorist’ under post-Sept. 11 law

By Associated Press, Published: October 8

ALBANY, N.Y. — In 2002, a New York City street gang crashed a christening party, shouted out their superiority, confronted a rival and started a fight that left a 10-year-old girl dead and someone else paralyzed.

On Tuesday, New York’s top court will consider whether one of the gang members is a homegrown terrorist.

Edgar Morales, a member of the Mexican-American gang the St. James Boys, sought to intimidate an entire population and deserves more prison time than others convicted of the same crimes, Bronx prosecutors say. They got him convicted for the shooting death in 2007 under the state’s anti-terrorism statute, the first case of its kind in New York.

“Violent crime committed by a street gang constitutes a crime of terrorism ... when it is motivated solely by the intent to establish a gang’s ‘street credentials’ as the toughest Mexican gang in the Bronx,” because those crimes are intended to intimidate or coerce a civilian population, prosecutors argue in a court filing.

They applied a statute that New York lawmakers passed just six days after hijackers crashed two jetliners into the World Trade Center towers on Sept. 11, 2001, killing nearly 3,000 people.

Now 30, Morales was accused of firing five shots during the August 2002 fracas outside the christening party at a church, killing bystander Melany Mendez. Morales told police he was there and briefly handled a gun but said he wasn’t involved in either the fight or the shooting.

He was convicted of manslaughter, attempted murder, weapon possession and conspiracy — each count enhanced in seriousness by the anti-terrorism law. He was sentenced to 40 years to life in prison.

On appeal, the midlevel Appellate Division said he’s no terrorist under the statute and deserves resentencing. That would lower the maximum to 25 years.

“The evidence was insufficient to support a finding of that defendant committed his crimes with the intent to intimidate or coerce that ‘civilian population’ generally, as opposed to the much more limited category of members of rival gangs,” the Appellate Division ruled.

The panel of judges said the state Legislature was thinking about “extraordinary criminal acts” inflicted to intimidate a broad range of people, not “a narrowly defined group of particular individuals whom the criminal actor happens to regard as adversaries.”

Steven Reed, spokesman for Bronx District Attorney Robert Johnson, declined to comment on a pending case but said they believe it is the first and only time the terrorism charge has been used under these circumstances.

Defense attorney Catherine Amirfar said the prosecution’s definition would effectively expand the anti-terrorism law to any street crime.

The defense also argues that Morales was deprived a fair trial when the judge refused to dismiss the terrorism charges, which allowed the jury to hear “a litany of prejudicial evidence about gang violence” even though those acts did not involve Morales.

The Court of Appeals will hear the case Tuesday in Manhattan. Its ruling is expected next month.

Michael Balboni, who sponsored the bill as a Republican state senator and later became New York’s homeland security chief, said it was actually introduced in the spring of 2001 but passed both houses in direct response to the Sept. 11 attacks.

Now a consultant, Balboni said Monday that lawmakers weren’t initially thinking about the statute’s use in cases like the Bronx gang shooting. But he’s not sure it’s inappropriate. “Obviously that’s what the Court of Appeals is taking a look at,” he said.

Manhattan prosecutors are applying the statute in pending cases against two African immigrants accused of plotting synagogue bombings and a Dominican-born Muslim convert accused of plotting to attack police and soldiers with homemade bombs.

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