In your face Albert Gonzales

Being clear on the Constitution

This is a bit off-topic, but I felt so compelled to put it in; It's a good article and well stated.

"Do not separate text from historical background. If you do, you will have perverted and subverted the Constitution, which can only end in a distorted, bastardized form of illegitimate government." --- James Madison.

James Madison, "Father of The Constitution", and all of the signers of The Constitution were adamant, or in agreement with the historical background interpretation. Without a historical background interpretation, our Constitutional Founders could not give The People their inalienable rights and protection from their own government. They made sure their intent was known via various quotes, manuscripts and Preambles..

Ever seen the Preamble to the Bill of Rights? The People are informed of the Preamble to the Constitution whenever the Constitution is referenced. Yet, the Preamble is rarely seen when referring to the Bill of Rights. Immediately after: the official notice of time, place, and who, the very next paragraph of The Preamble to The Bill of Rights is: THE Conventions of a number of the States, having at the time of their adopting the Constitution, expressed a desire, in order to prevent misconstruction or abuse of its powers, that further declaratory and restrictive clauses should be added: And as extending the ground of public confidence in the Government, will best ensure the beneficent ends of its institution. (The Preamble started out as an amendment, but, apparently after discussion, it was felt that this was too important to make just an amendment. The Constitution had a Preamble. The Bill of Rights, which was required for ratification of The Constitution, certainly should have one too.)