Huffington Post - The 50th Anniversary of the Assassination of President John F. Kennedy (Part One)

The 50th Anniversary of the Assassination of President John F. Kennedy (Part One)
by Joseph A. Palermo Posted: 11/08/2013 11:26 pm

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As the 50th anniversary of the assassination of President John Fitzgerald Kennedy grows nearer the inability of the Establishment news media to consider fairly the facts in the case remains as pronounced as it was during previous commemorations. In trying to explain why opinion polls have shown for decades now that a majority of Americans do not accept the Warren Commission's "lone gunman" theory, historians and journalists have often fallen back on what has become a familiar (yet unconvincing) narrative about the meaning of those horrific events in Dallas in November 1963.

The dominant storyline goes something like this: The American people could never accept the notion that a high school drop-out loser like Lee Harvey Oswald could single-handedly kill such an inspiring public figure as JFK, therefore they've embraced "conspiracy theories" to give meaning to what was essentially a meaningless act.

The historian Robert Dallek, in his biography of Kennedy, An Unfinished Life (2003), offers a concise version of this common interpretation: "In 1992, fewer than one-third of Americans accepted the Warren Commission's findings as persuasive," he writes.

"The fact that none of the conspiracy theorists have been able to offer convincing evidence of their suspicions does not seem to trouble many people. The plausibility of a conspiracy is less important to them than the implausibility of someone as inconsequential as Oswald having the wherewithal to kill someone as consequential - as powerful and well guarded - as Kennedy. To accept that an act of random violence by an obscure malcontent could bring down a president of the United States is to acknowledge a chaotic, disorderly world that frightens most Americans." (Dallek 2003, 699)

Dallek also defers to the work of the "former Wall Street lawyer," Gerald Posner, as being "authoritative" on the assassination. In his inordinately praised 1993 book, Cased Closed, (which was aimed to discredit Oliver Stone's 1991 movie, JFK), Posner puts forth the same idea:

"The notion that a misguided sociopath had wreaked such havoc made the crime seem senseless and devoid of political significance. By concluding that JFK was killed as the result of an elaborate plot, there is the belief he died for a purpose, that a powerful group eliminated him for some critical issue." (Posner 1993, x)

This assertion about people needing to affix meaning to the Kennedy assassination where there is none can sound persuasive at first glance. Yet it's really just psychobabble that seeks to ascribe an emotional affect to "the American people" that has the added benefit for those making the claim of being impossible to prove or disprove. One could just as easily argue that since the accused suspect in the killing was murdered himself two days later, and never stood trial in any court of law, it's perfectly logical that "the American people" would be skeptical about the "facts" the Warren Commission presented in the case relating to Oswald's guilt or innocence (or something in between). As early as December 1963, a majority of Americans told pollsters they believed there had been "some group or element" behind JFK's assassination, and by January 1967 it had risen to 64 percent. (Dallek 2003, 698)

Then came about thirty years of torrid revelations about the illegal activities of the United States' national security state that were unknown at the time of the Warren Commission, and public opinion hardened against the lone gunman theory.

The 1970s brought the Church Committee revelations of the CIA's assassination capabilities aimed at Fidel Castro and other foreign leaders. Before that, the Watergate scandals uncovered lies and distortions at the highest levels of government, which included cash payouts to criminals from a White House safe. And before that, the Pentagon Papers exposed the lies surrounding the Gulf of Tonkin incident, which became the pretext for the Vietnam War.

During the 1980s, the Iran-Contra scandal unmasked what Senator Daniel Inouye of Hawaii called a "shadowy network" of former military and intelligence officials, profiteers, CIA cut-outs, Swiss bank accounts, and front companies that committed multiple felonies. New research on FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover details grand abuses of power against civil rights leaders and unveiled his elaborate domestic spying operations, COINTELPRO. More recently, the George W. Bush administration lied about the existence of Iraqi WMD in order to bring the nation to war, and whistle blowers have brought to light everything from war crimes to the vast NSA surveillance of ordinary citizens.

This sordid behavior by the federal government, all done in the name of "national security," has become part of the historical record. Yet after all of this history, a half-century after President Kennedy was gunned down in Dallas, we are expected to accept the conclusions of a 1964 report written by a deeply flawed governmental panel.

The Warren Commission

After the dual murders of President Kennedy and his alleged assassin, Lee Harvey Oswald, on November 22 and 24, respectively, there were loud demands in the Senate and the House for a congressional investigation. Senate Minority Leader Everett Dirksen of Illinois and New York Representative Charles Goodell called for a joint House-Senate committee to look into the bizarre events in Dallas.

To silence the demands for a congressional investigation, President Lyndon B. Johnson signed Executive Order 11130 on Friday, November 29, 1963, establishing what would become known as the Warren Commission. Its charge was "to satisfy itself that the truth is known as far as it can be discovered." The Commission's powers superseded any other inquiry, "including those by the FBI or any state agency." (Robert Caro, The Passage of Power, 2012, 442)

Johnson wanted to control the appointment of personnel and the timing of the report to ensure that the investigation did not become a campaign issue in 1964. The origins of the Warren Commission itself were political in nature and had as its main goal a public relations effort.

The Commission, named after Supreme Court Chief Justice Earl Warren who headed it, was from the start, like Johnson, more concerned with wrapping up the "investigation" before the 1964 elections and to stave off other inquiries. The Commission worked largely behind closed doors and all of its members rarely met at all. It was dependent upon evidence from J. Edgar Hoover's FBI and Richard Helms of the CIA. It included a former CIA director, Allen Dulles, (who Kennedy fired after the Bay of Pigs invasion), who directed much of the inquiry. Some people called it the "Dulles Commission." (Mark Lane, Last Word, 2011, 7)

President Johnson named five Republicans and two Democrats. In addition to Dulles and Warren, Democratic Senator Richard Russell of Georgia agreed to serve (after some arm-twisting from LBJ). Russell was highly critical of the final report. Republican Senator Sherman Cooper of Kentucky joined Russell, and from the House of Representatives were Minority Leader Gerald Ford of Michigan and Hale Boggs, the Louisiana Democrat. John McCloy, a Republican businessman whose illustrious resume led some in the press to dub him "chairman of the Eastern establishment," also joined the Commission. (David Talbot, Brothers, 2007, 281) Chief Counsel and staff director, J. Lee Rankin, would play the role of gatekeeper between Commissioners and investigators, filtering information and deciding what evidence to pursue and what to drop.

In a November 25, 1963 memo written by Deputy Attorney General Nicholas Katzenbach to Johnson's Press Secretary, Bill Moyers, Katzenbach summed up the public relations angle of the Warren Commission's assignment:

"1. The public must be satisfied that Oswald was the assassin; that he did not have confederates who are still at large; and that the evidence was such that he would have been convicted at trial.
2. Speculation about Oswald's motivation ought to be cut off, and we should have some basis for rebutting thought that this was a Communist conspiracy or (as the Iron Curtain press is saying) a right-wing conspiracy to blame it on the Communists. Unfortunately the facts on Oswald seem about too pat - too obvious (Marxist, Cuba, Russian wife, etc.)." (Quoted in James Douglass JFK and the Unspeakable 2009, 82)

On December 9, 1963, only four days after the Commission's first meeting, FBI Director Hoover sent its members a summary report concluding beyond any doubt that Lee Oswald acted alone when he killed the President and Jack Ruby acted alone when he killed Oswald. Nine months later, that same outcome, embroidered with thousands of pages full of smoke and mirrors, would become the Warren Commission's final word on the assassination. The whole exercise, all twenty-six windy volumes and the 800-page Warren Report, was just an overblown amplification of Hoover's original conclusion.

To make matters worse, Hoover leaked his report to the press, (a common practice for Hoover), which angered Warren and other Commissioners, and set the template for the public's understanding of the crime even before the "investigation" got off the ground.

Moreover, the Commissioners were totally dependent on whatever evidence the FBI and CIA wanted them to see or not to see. According to one of the staff lawyers assigned to look into Jack Ruby's background, Burt Griffin, staff director Rankin, "was fearful that our own investigation of the assassination could be interpreted by the FBI or CIA as an attempt to investigate them." (Kantor The Ruby Cover-Up 1978, 174)

The famous internal memo from Katzenbach, along with the FBI's publicly leaked summary report that followed, established firm parameters for the inquiry and explains why Rankin and others were not interested in pursuing leads that would get in the way of the pre-ordained conclusion of a lone gunman.

Meanwhile, a transcription of a January 27, 1964 meeting reveals Allen Dulles rather nonchalantly informing the Commissioners that both Hoover of the FBI and CIA Director John McCone "should be expected to lie to the Commission to protect the identity of their operations and undercover agents." (Kantor 1978, 187) Hence, the evidence would be fixed to fit the outcome that both Katzenbach and Hoover articulated before the Commission even called its first witness. The Warren Commission operated on the same old "trust us" level we've heard for decades whenever our government lies to us.

In a subsequent interview, a working-level lawyer for the Commission complained:

"We never had any significant dialogue, any structured dialogue among the staff members on the question of conspiracy. There never were any series of hypotheses set up that we were all supposed to check into. In fact, we never really had a structured system of meeting and exchanging information so that various theories could be checked out. These two points were problems caused by Rankin - either because he was incompetent and way over his head, or because he knew something the rest of us didn't know." (Quoted in Kantor 1978, 171)
There are examples of Hoover withholding information, including the fact that a few days before the assassination Oswald had contacted the FBI's Special Agent in Charge in Dallas, James Hosty. It wasn't until 1975 when the public learned about the Oswald-Hosty meeting, as well as Jack Ruby's extensive ties to organized crime. Hoover did confide to Rankin ("for your information") in a February 27, 1964 memo that the FBI had contacted Ruby nine times in 1959, from March 11 to October 2, "to furnish information" on criminal matters.

The American people were kept in the dark about the extent of the FBI's (and the CIA's) relationship with both Oswald and Ruby just as they were unaware of the Bureau's harassment of Martin Luther King, Jr. that was going on at the same time. The Commission didn't even bother to interview the FBI agent, Charles W. Flynn, who served as Ruby's contact in Dallas. (Kantor 1978, 175-177) Keep in mind that after they were arrested and jailed, both Oswald and Ruby said they had been manipulated: "I'm a patsy," said Oswald. "I've been used for a purpose," said Ruby. (Kantor 1978, 397)

Strangely, the Warren Commission also never took issue with the fact that Dallas Police Chief Jesse Curry's homicide unit, along with the FBI, after holding Oswald in custody for nearly three days, never bothered to take down any of the words that flowed from his mouth, which could have been used against him at trial. The Warren Report acknowledges that Oswald was "interrogated" for about twelve hours but notes feebly: "There were no stenographic or tape recordings of these interviews." (Douglass 2009, 284)

Another peculiar action of the Warren Commission (there are many) was its intentionally substandard reproduction of the famous photo taken by Dallas Associated Press photographer James Altgens. The Warren Report's reprinted version of the photo is a "reduced, cropped, indistinct printing of an FBI copy of a magazine copy of the originally crystal-clear picture." (Douglass 2009, 285) Captured in the background of the unspoiled version of the photograph is a man resembling Lee Oswald standing in the doorway of the Texas School Book Depository calmly watching the presidential motorcade.

"By deliberately using a smaller fourth-generation print," James Douglass writes in JFK and the Unspeakable, "the government made the image of the man too tiny and blurred to be recognizable. The Report's deliberately flawed reproduction of the Altgens photo changed the man in the doorway from a challenging image into abstract speculation, which could then be disposed of without making any visual comparisons to pictures of Oswald taken later that day in strikingly similar clothing." (Douglass 2009, 285)

Like its treatment of the Altgens photo, another weird decision on the Commission's part was to suppress the results of the nitrate test administered to Oswald that indicated he had NOT fired a rifle on November 22, 1963. The nitrate test results were withheld for ten months only to be called "unreliable" when they were finally revealed to the public in the Warren Report. (Jim Garrison On the Trail of the Assassins 1988, 116)

The Warren Commission might not have been curious enough to question the FBI agent who had met up with Jack Ruby for the better part of a year, but it was keenly interested in other aspects of Ruby's life. In viewing Commission Exhibit No. 1281 in Volume 22 of the Commission's findings -- released by the FBI on February 18, 1964 - a dogged researcher will learn, based on records from Elgin State Hospital in Illinois dated January 15, 1938, that Ruby's mother, Fanny Rubenstein, wore false teeth. The Commission furnished a diagram showing thirty-two teeth with a notation by Dr. W.J. Hoeft, the staff dentist, who examined Mrs. Rubenstein: "Patient states she has teeth but not wearing them." (Kantor 1978, 177-178) So among the countless leads the Warren Commission investigators failed to look into, they nonetheless got to the bottom of the condition of Fanny Rubenstein's choppers -- twenty-five years before the Kennedy assassination.

The Warren Commission showed less interest in Jack Ruby's numerous contacts with Dallas police officers than it did with his mother's oral hygiene. The issue of whether or not someone from inside the police station had let Ruby into the basement to dispatch Oswald (as he did on national television), in the words of Mark Lane, "required a radical inquiry." (Lane Rush to Judgment 1966, 230) But the Commission blandly accepted at face value without further questioning a short statement from Chief Curry, the official who was responsible for the botched transfer of the world's most famous prisoner. Curry claimed that Ruby knew "no more than 25 to 50 of Dallas' almost 1,200 policemen." (Quoted in Lane 1966, 230)

It might have been beyond the Warren Commission's reach to interview patrons, employees, bouncers, strippers, and others at Ruby's Carousel Club, but the path-breaking assassination investigator, Mark Lane, found dozens of witnesses who testified that Ruby's nightclub was a veritable after-hours hangout for practically the entire Dallas Police Department. Also, the police gave Ruby special treatment; he always managed to avoid going to trial even after multiple arrests, and his privileged position appears to have been in exchange for slaking the officers' thirst for alcohol and female companionship. (Lane 1966, 230-238)

Given its epic flaws and omissions, it's little wonder that the Warren Report, which the Commission presented to President Johnson with great fanfare on September 28, 1964, has been over the years widely condemned as a monumental government fraud. Privately, even Robert F. Kennedy dismissed the Warren Report as nothing more than an exercise designed to reassure the public. (Talbot 2007, 278-280) And in late 1975, the Republican Senator from Pennsylvania, Richard Schweiker, who was a key participant in the Church Committee's inquiry into CIA wrongdoing, called for a congressional committee to reopen the assassination case. Schweiker told the press: "I think the Warren Commission is like a house of cards. It's going to collapse." (Talbot 2007, 232)

(Next segment: Part Two, Jack Ruby/Lee Oswald)

JFK 50th anniversary: TV specials and documentaries guide By Ri

JFK 50th anniversary: TV specials and documentaries guide

By Rick Porter

The 50th anniversary of the assassination of President John F. Kennedy is on Nov. 22, and TV programming related to the anniversary will be hard to escape all month long.

Here's a rundown of some of the specials, movies and other retrospectives on JFK and his death that are airing in November. All times Eastern.

Friday, Nov. 8

"JFK: The Lost Bullet" (Nat Geo, 7 p.m.): Using remastered home movies from the scene of the Kennedy assassination, this hour-long special looks for evidence that may have been missed in earlier viewings.

"JFK: The Final Hours" (Nat Geo, 8 p.m.): Actor Bill Paxton, who as an 8-year-old saw Kennedy deliver one of his final speeches in Fort Worth, Texas, on the morning of Nov. 22, 1963, hosts this two-hour documentary retracing the final day of JFK's life via accounts of those who were with him.

"JFK: The Smoking Gun" (Reelz, 8 p.m.): The channel that aired "The Kennedys" miniseries presents this special (first aired Nov. 3) arguing that while Lee Harvey Oswald did shoot the president, an accidental shot by a Secret Service agent was the fatal blow. Australian detective Colin McLaren picks up a theory first put forth by ballistics expert Howard Donahue, who died in 1999.

Saturday, Nov. 9

"50 Years of Questions: The JFK Assassination" (Fox News, 9 p.m.): Bill Hemmer hosts a special looking at the controversy surrounding the investigation of Kennedy's death, the Warren Commission report and the various conspiracy theories that have sprung up as a result.

Sunday, Nov. 10

"JFK: Inside the Evidence" (Reelz, 7 p.m.): A companion piece to "The Smoking Gun" hosted by Bill Kurtis that looks at "key elements" of the theory presented in the earlier special.

"Killing Kennedy" (Nat Geo, 9 p.m.): Based on Bill O'Reilly and Martin Dugard's book, this two-hour movie examines the parallel stories of Kennedy (Rob Lowe) and Lee Harvey Oswald (Will Rothhaar) that led them to Dallas in November 1963. Also starring Ginnifer Goodwin as Jacqueline Kennedy and Michelle Trachtenberg as Oswald's wife, Marina.

Monday, Nov. 11

"American Experience: JFK" (PBS, 9 p.m.; check local listings): A two-night, four-hour portrait of the president's life (part two airs Tuesday, Nov. 12) that includes interviews with Kennedy family members and historians.

Tuesday, Nov. 12

"Capturing Oswald" (10 p.m., Military Channel): Interviews with former Dallas police officers and detectives about the manhunt for Oswald in the hours following Kennedy's death.

Wednesday, Nov. 13

"Nova: Cold Case JFK" (PBS, 9 p.m.; check local listings): The long-running science series explores whether present-day investigators could do a better job with the evidence in the Kennedy assassination than those who were on the case at the time.

"JFK: One PM Central Standard Time" (PBS, 10 p.m.; check local listings): George Clooney narrates this special that looks at news coverage of John F. Kennedy's death on Nov. 22, 1963. It includes archival footage of Kennedy and CBS News anchor Walter Cronkite and interviews with former President Bill Clinton and NBC anchor Brian Williams.

Thursday, Nov. 14

"The Sixties: The Assassination of JFK" (CNN, 9 p.m.): The first installment of CNN's documentary series "The Sixties" focuses on the assassination and the impact it had on Washington and the country at large.

Sunday, Nov. 17

"This Week with George Stephanopoulos" (ABC, 10 a.m.): A tribute to Kennedy and a discussion of his legacy 50 years later.

"Letters to Jackie: Remembering President Kennedy" (TLC, 9 p.m.): Jessica Chastain, Mark Ruffalo, Laura Linney and more read some of the hundreds of thousands of letters sent to first lady Jacqueline Kennedy in the wake of her husband's death.

"The Day Kennedy Died" (Smithsonian Channel, 9 p.m.): Kevin Spacey narrates this documentary combining archival photos and film footage and interviews with, among others, the doctor who tried to save Kennedy's life, a Secret Service agent on the ground in Dallas and a woman who learned the man she gave shelter to the previous night was Oswald.

Tuesday, Nov. 19

"Frontline: Who Was Lee Harvey Oswald?" (PBS, 10 p.m.; check local listings): PBS re-airs its biography of Oswald (originally shown in 1993, the 30th anniversary of the assassination), which tries to get at what put him on the scene in Dallas.

Thursday, Nov. 21

"Good Morning America" (ABC, 7 a.m.): Features a first airing of newly released audio of from the scene in Dallas, in conjunction with the Discovery special "JFK: The Lost Tapes" (see below).

"JFK: The Lost Tapes" (Discovery, 7 p.m.): The story of Nov. 22, 1963, as told through recently released recordings from aboard Air Force One following the assassination, remastered audio from the Dallas police and radio recordings of reporters who were at the scene in Dallas.

"The Lost Kennedy Home Movies" (H2, 8 p.m.): Home movies of John Kennedy and his siblings as they grew up, through Kennedy's presidency and time with his own children, Caroline and John Jr.

"The Kennedy Assassination: 24 Hours After" (H2, 10 p.m.): Re-airing of a 2009 special that pieces together the chaos following Kennedy's death and the transfer of power to his vice president, Lyndon Johnson.

Friday, Nov. 22

ABC News: "Good Morning America" will air live from Dallas, and "World News Tonight" and "Nightline" will feature segments on Kennedy's life and legacy.

"JFK: The Day that Changed America" (7 p.m., MSNBC): Re-airing of a 2003 documentary featuring interviews with Hillary Clinton, Sens. John McCain and John Kerry, Gore Vidal and Kennedy speechwriter Ted Sorenson, among others.

"JFK Assassination: The Definitive Guide" (8 p.m., History): This two-hour special examines the many conspiracy theories surrounding Kennedy's death -- there are 311 distinct theories, according to the show -- and contemporary beliefs about what happened on Nov. 22, 1963. Historians and Kennedy experts lend their perspective as well.

"Kennedy Brothers: A Hardball Documentary" (8 p.m., MSNBC): Chris Matthews interviews Kennedy family members, biographers and historians about John, Robert and Edward Kennedy in an effort to "deconstruct the myth and legend" surrounding the family. First aired in 2009.

"Kennedy and the Cuban Missile Crisis" (8 p.m., Military Channel): Re-airing of a 2012 special on the president's actions during the Cuban Missile Crisis in October 1962.

"Tom Brokaw Special: Where Were You?" (9 p.m., NBC): This two-hour documentary combines archival footage with first-person accounts of people who lived through the Kennedy assassination.

"Lee Harvey Oswald: 48 Hours to Live" (10 p.m., History): As implied by the title, the special traces the last two days of Oswald's life from Kennedy's killing to his own death at the hands of Jack Ruby, filming at several locations visited by Oswald after the shooting and re-creating his interrogation by Dallas police.

10 Reasons For Conspiracy

Here are 10 reasons (out of 63) to believe in a JFK assassination conspiracy:

Reason #1: The U.S. House of Representatives investigated JFK's assassination and concluded that JFK “was probably assassinated as the result of a conspiracy” Read more here:
#BiggestGovernmentCoverupOfAllTime #JFK #AssassinationFacts

Reason #2: The Zapruder Film shows frontal gunshot wounds. The footage is very graphic, but in the video you can see that President Kennedy’s entire body is driven sharply backward and to the left, as the result of taking a high-velocity round directly through the front of the head, not the back. #Oswald #Patsy

Reason #3: U.S. Secret Service Agents confirmed where the gun shots were coming from and it wasn’t from the Texas School Book Depository. #grassyknoll

Reason #4: Witness testimony states the gunshots came from the grassy knoll. Dallas police officers ran toward the gun shots – toward the grassy knoll – to investigate. #OswaldDidntDoIt

Reason #5: There were previous plots against President Kennedy’s life in Chicago and Tampa. #CIAplot

Reason #6: What clearly enabled the assassination: motorcycle police escorts were removed last-minute. This left the president completely vulnerable in an insecure formation when his limo drove through Dealey Plaza. #JFK #SittingDuck #TheyKilledOurPresident

Reason #7: The parade route was also changed from its original path to the new path – through Dealey Plaza and along a route that was virtually unprotected. #SecretServiceViolatedProtocols #JFK #AssassinationFacts

Reason #8: Secret Service Agents were ordered off of JFK’s limousine. Agents always rode on the bumper to protect the president. #WhereWasTheSecretService?

Reason #9: Too many bullets. There were more than three shots. Not even a “magic” bullet designed by Chris Angel could go through Governor Connally’s ribs, then go through his wrist, and finally wind up in his left thigh. #WarrenCommissionLies

Reason #10: Scientific acoustical evidence establishes a high probability that two gunmen fired at President Kennedy.
Read the facts here:


He was one of the few who could have saved us from the military–industrial complex.


There are several well done documentaries on the JFK assassination not listed above:

Two Men in Dallas

The Men Who Killed Kennedy

Evidence of Revision

New JFK Book

New Larry J. Sabato book The Kennedy Half Century is very fast reading and he has his following. That said as he teaches for UVA which is beholden for gov grants for research, he's limited in what he can write about the topic. Sociology about the Kennedy myth is well done.
He mentions David Ferrie, who was murdered, but not his key projects or associates and never gets around to all the latest eyewitness books of those who were in Dallas when it happened.

Oswald is a shadowy figure still and perhaps not lone gunman in this book but Sabato doesn't say as others do that Oswald wasn't on the 6th floor of the Depository. See LBJ and the Kennedy Killing by James T. Tague, and for more on New Orleans see Dr. Mary's Monkey by Ed Haslem and the book of Jim Garrison's missing eyewitness, Judyth Vary Baker - Me and Lee.

Sabato has 100 pages of footnotes to establish pseudo-credibility.


Here is the Cold Case episode. Notice how the "magic bullet" with its "full metal jacket" travels at "high velocity" thrrough some 30 pieces of wood unharmed, but explodes on the impact of about 1/4" of skull? Its funny how these materials are so hard and soft at the most convenient times. I found the explanation for the motion of the President's head about as plausible as the NIST WTC7 report. A single bullet may have traveled through both and is why so much attention gets paid to it. It distracts from the head shot which they cannot explain away in any way just like WTC 7. I also highly recommend Kennedy: Case for Conspiracy which has the compelling video testimony of the attendants at Parkland Hospital who were first to examine him before the military and secret service took over.


DiEugenio interview

Thanks. You might also find interest in this interview of James DiEugenio, author of 'Reclaiming Parkland,' by Allison Hope Weiner. It was done last November, at the time the film 'Parkland' was being released: